Collaborative and Opportunistic Navigation

Future autonomous systems will demand full situational awareness and reliable, consistent, tamper-proof, and highly accurate navigation systems. Global navigation satellite system (GNSS) is at the heart of virtually all current navigation systems. However, GNSS will not meet the demands of future autonomous systems. First, GNSS signals are extremely weak and unusable indoors and in deep urban canyons. Second, GNSS signals are susceptible to intentional and unintentional jamming and interference. Third, civilian GNSS signals are unencrypted, unauthenticated, and specified in publicly-available documents, making them spoofable.

Our research in this thrust asks: what information is already available in the surrounding environment, and how can it be exploited for positioning, navigation, and timing? The information extracted from the environment is fused with on-board sensors to build a spatio-temporal map of the environment within which the autonomous system localizes itself in space and time. Information is also shared among multiple systems to achieve global situational awareness within the environment.

Fusing Lidar and Cellular Signals for Robust Ground Vehicle Navigation


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Adaptive Estimation of Signals of Opportunity


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